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OTR is no longer recommended in the XMPP network as it has widely been replaced by OMEMO.

Off-the-Record Messaging, commonly referred to as OTR, is a cryptographic protocol that provides strong encryption for instant messaging conversations. OTR uses a combination of the AES symmetric-key algorithm, the Diffie–Hellman key exchange, and the SHA-1 hash function. In addition to authentication and encryption, OTR provides perfect forward secrecy and malleable encryption.


OTR allows you to have private conversations over instant messaging by providing:

  • Encryption
    • No one else can read your instant messages.
  • Authentication
    • You are assured the correspondent is who you think it is.
  • Deniability
    • The messages you send do not have digital signatures that are checkable by a third party. Anyone can forge messages after a conversation to make them look like they came from you. However, during a conversation, your correspondent is assured the messages he sees are authentic and unmodified.
  • Perfect forward secrecy
    • If you lose control of your private keys, no previous conversation is compromised.

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