Securing XMPP

Revision as of 19:48, 19 May 2014 by Stpeter (talk | contribs) (→‎ejabberd: bug report from Klaus Seistrup)
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Aim: Encrypt All XMPP Connections

This page provides instructions for XMPP server administrators to secure XMPP client and server connections ready for the following ubiquitous encryption manifesto test days:

  • January 4, 2014 - first test day requiring encryption
  • February 22, 2014 - second test day
  • March 22, 2014 - third test day
  • April 19, 2014 - fourth test day
  • May 19, 2014 - permanent upgrade to encrypted network

To achieve this, we need to:

  • Encrypt connections between clients and servers (C2S)
  • Encrypt server to server connections (S2S)

Step1: Get a server certificate

Let's say you run an XMPP service for (jids of, you will need to order a certificate for with a subject or alt-name of (not from your preferred cert provider (StartSSL offers free certificates and is quite good).

Step 2: Disable cleartext connections

These instructions will disable any cleartext communication between servers and client connections.


Configure ejabberd.conf

% Ordinary client-2-server service
[{5222, ejabberd_c2s, [{access, c2s},
starttls_required, {certfile, "/etc/ssl/certs/ejabberd.pem"},
{shaper, c2s_shaper}]},
% Use STARTTLS+Dialback for S2S connections
{s2s_use_starttls, required}.
{s2s_certfile, "/etc/ejabberd/ejabberd.pem"}.


Ensure that prosody.cfg.lua contains the following settings in the global section of your config, or under the specific VirtualHost you want to secure:

 c2s_require_encryption = true
 s2s_require_encryption = true

Further help:


See for more details:

--vhost-tls-required = true

By default Tigase will read VHosts certificates from certs/ subdirectory match domain name against .pem filename of the certificate. Alternatively configuration for particular vhost certificate could be specified explicitly in


TLS for s2s connection is enabled by default; no option to configure it as required (certain domains can be configured to skip TLS for s2s with following configuration. For more information: --s2s-skip-tls-hostnames):

--s2s-skip-tls-hostnames = domain1,domain2

In order to have improved security Tigase features 'hardened mode' which turns off workaround for SSL issues, turns off SSLv2, forces enabling more secure ciphers suites and also forces requirement of StartTLS.



  1. Open the Openfire administration console
  2. Go to Server Settings under Server
  3. Then open Security Settings in the list to the left
  4. Check both radiobuttons labeled Required
  5. Check the checkbox marked Accept self-signed certificates
  6. Done!

Step 3: Check your XMPP Security

Test your XMPP security to be sure.